Credit allocation refers to the financial system for the purchase of learning resources by the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development and/or school boards and their schools for use by students and teachers in the public schools of Nova Scotia.
Learning resources include such items as textbooks, software, and manipulatives. A credit
allocation is established yearly upon approval of Cabinet for each school board.
Up to 60% of each school board's credit allocation will be targeted for directed
purchase of learning resources by the Department.
The remaining 40% of the credit allocation for each school board can be accessed by individual
schools/boards to make purchases of authorized learning resources in support of school board and/or school priorities. Authorized learning resources will be purchased from the School Book Bureau using the On-Line Ordering System.
Up to 25% of the credit allocation for each board may be used to purchase
eligible learning resources not included in Authorized Learning
Resources, at the discretion and authorization of the school principal.
Authorization for the 25% allocation is made according to the policies and
procedures specified by the Department in this document.
All reimbursements for 25%ís to individual schools will be paid to the board, and they in turn will forward to the school.
Roles and Responsibilities
The responsibility for the management of the 25% credit allocation rests with
the principal of the school. The principal
- establishes and manages the evaluation process for selecting learning
resources using the Bias Evaluation Instrument provided by the
- keeps permanent records of all evaluation results
- approves the purchase of eligible learning resources
- establishes a system for tracking expenditures
- submits receipts together with appropriate documentation to the Nova Scotia School Book Bureau for reimbursement, all reimbursements for 25%ís will be paid to the board, and they in turn will forward to the school
- adheres to the time lines for requesting reimbursement as set annually by
the Nova Scotia School Book Bureau, and as found in the form/documentation available from the Department's Web site [25% Credit Allocation Policy, Procedures & Form].
- utilizes the school rebate provision to recoup 68% of taxes paid on learning
The Nova Scotia School Book Bureau
- reimburses the board for each approved expenditure under this allocation
plus 32% of the taxes upon receipt of proof of purchases and appropriate
documentation (proof of purchase includes paid invoices, receipts, and cancelled
- provides the school boards with monthly financial reports on all components
of the credit allocation system, including expenditures under the 25% credit
- guarantees 25% credit allocation reimbursements in the current fiscal year
for all approved requests received up to January 15
- reallocated unused portion of the 25% credit allocation after January 15 to
the remaining school board balance for purchases of authorized learning
1. Learning resources may include
- limited quantities of materials that are not listed but reflect the
philosophies of the public school programs (maximum of one class set of
- examination copies of materials not included in Authorized Learning
- materials to meet special needs of individuals, groups, or communities
2. Learning resources may NOT be items included in Authorized Learning
3. Learning resources may NOT be
- library books
- magazine and other subscriptions
- print encyclopedias
- hardware (such as step ladders, mirrors, building supplies, electrical
- computer hardware
- expendable supplies (such as paper, pencils, rubber stamps, student
- lab supplies (such as test tubes, beakers, vials)
- furniture and equipment (such as office equipment, storage and filing
cabinets, audio-visual or other media equipment and supplies)
- weights and measuring devices (such as rulers, tape measures, scales,
thermometers, stop watches)
- annual renewal fees of site licenses for software products
4. Learning resources must be evaluated for
- consistency with the principles of learning
bias, using the Bias Evaluation Instrument provided by the
Learning resources purchased through the 25% credit allocation must be consistent
with the principles of learning which provide the foundation for public school
programs in Nova Scotia and must be evaluated for bias, using the Bias
Evaluation Instrument provided by the Department.
The Principles of Learning
1. Students construct knowledge and make it meaningful in terms of their
prior knowledge and experiences.
2. Learning is a process of actively constructing knowledge.
3. Learning is enhanced when it takes place in a social and collaborative
4. Students need to continue to view learning as an integrated whole.
5. Learners must see themselves as capable and successful.
6. Learners have different ways of knowing and representing knowledge.
7. Reflection is an integral part of learning.
Therefore, resources that are consistent with these principles should
- ensure that students' diverse prior experiences are recognized, valued, and
activated as the beginning of new learning experiences
- begin a new learning experience by providing students with opportunities to
identify what they already know and can do relevant to the topic, concept, or
skill to be addressed and prompt them to communicate this prior knowledge and
ability in a variety of ways
- challenge students to use their prior knowledge to make a prediction or
conjecture and act upon it, thereby allowing them to examine the validity and
usefulness of their current understandings
- ensure that students are invited or challenged to engage actively in the
construction of meaningful understanding through inquiring, predicting,
exploring, collecting, drawing, or by engaging in educational play, writing,
- ensure that learners have opportunities to engage in experiences where
collaboration and discourse are key features of the learning environment
- help students to make connections within subject areas, across subject
areas, and with the world beyond the school and to engage in activities that
require reflection on those connections
- situate students' learning in real-life contexts which are personally
meaningful and socially relevant
- ensure that learners see themselves reflected in the learning materials used
in the school and provide learning opportunities that respect and support
students' racial, cultural, and social identity
- be developmentally appropriate and provide opportunities for a broad range
of learners to experience genuine learning success
- communicate clear expectations for all students and offer students multiple
ways of demonstrating what they know, are able to do, and value
- recognize, acknowledge, and build on students' diverse ways of knowing and
representing their knowledge
- encourage students and teachers to see themselves as learners and prompt
them to reflect on and communicate what they have learned and how they have
Every resource acquired under the 25% allocation requires the completion of a
bias evaluation. The Bias Evaluation Instrument has been designed to
facilitate the process.
Additional printed copies are
available upon request from Student Services, Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, PO Box
578, Halifax NS B3J 2S9 (phone: (902) 424-7454, fax: (902) 424-0749) .
This tool provides information on the policies and criteria governing bias
evaluation. Definitions and examples have been provided for recognition of bias
The section on Assessment Criteria provides a series of analytical
questions regarding each type of bias issue so that evaluators may identify the
various aspects of bias present in the resource and provide for ways in which
teachers and students might address these issues within the classroom.
The principal's signature on the 25% Request for
Reimbursement form indicates that the learning resource has been evaluated
for bias and has been approved for purchase.
The Department may request copies of bias evaluation reports from the school
as part of an audit process.